Which States Have Alligators Or Crocodiles [What to Know]

The minute we enter wild animals’ terrain, we must have as much knowledge as possible at our disposal. Kayakers using the waterways in the USA must be aware of the possibility of alligators and crocodiles in rivers, lakes, and dams. Failure to account for the possibility can have disastrous consequences. Knowing which states have alligators or crocodiles is critical so that precautions can be taken. 

Alligators live in Texas, Oklahoma, Arkansas, Louisiana, Mississippi, Alabama, Georgia, Florida, Carolina, and Virginia. They prefer fresh water but may occasionally be found in saltwater. Crocodiles occur only in South Florida, preferring saltwater, although they sometimes move into freshwater.  

At one stage, alligators and crocodiles were hunted almost to extinction in the US. Fortunately, conservation laws have allowed these reptiles to flourish, and they can live in many states across the US. 

Where Do Alligators Live In The United States?  

The Smithsonian National Zoo and Conservation biology Institute notes that alligators extend from North Carolina to the Rio Grande River in Texas. This is a general guide for kayakers on where they can expect to find alligators.

Generally, the further south you move, the more alligators you will find inhabiting the waterways. The increased population in the southern regions is due to the increased temperatures closer to the equator. 

Alligators are reptiles and cannot regulate their body temperature. They are reliant on the environmental temperature to allow them to warm up, making warm climates more attractive. 

The reptiles are limited in North Carolina, so don’t expect to see many. According to Florida Fish and Wildlife, Florida has about 1.3 million alligators that live in all 67 counties. 

The climate is the biggest reason there are more alligators in Florida than in North Carolina.

The states that are considered the natural habitat of American alligators include: 

  1. Texas
  2. Oklahoma
  3. Arkansas
  4. Louisiana
  5. Mississippi
  6. Alabama
  7. Georgia
  8. Florida
  9. South Carolina
  10. North Carolina

What Bodies Of Water Attract Alligators?

Alligators prefer to live in slow-moving freshwater rivers. However, they also inhabit swamps, lakes, man-made dams, and marshes. 

Alligators do not have salt glands and, as a result, can only tolerate salt water for brief periods. They prefer freshwater and will only be found in saltwater areas if they are moving through a region or if the prey is scarce.  

Where Do Crocodiles Live In The United States?

American crocodiles have a much more limited range than alligators. In the United States, they occur only in South Florida. They prefer salt water and live around the coast in mangrove swamps, lagoons, cays, brackish lakes, and areas surrounding small islands. 

Crocodiles can excrete salt from their bodies due to the salt glands situated under their tongues. This function allows them to thrive in water with high salt content. 

Which State Has Both Alligators And Crocodiles?

Crocodiles and alligators can only both be found in South Florida. The typical pattern is that crocodiles are found in saltwater, although they sometimes do move further up river courses. 

Alligators are generally found in freshwater bodies in South Florida but will swim in saltwater. 

Are Alligators Changing Their Habitat?

Up to a decade ago, alligators were hardly ever seen in Virginia as the temperatures dropped too low. However, scientists and inhabitants have recently reported a marked increase in alligators in Virginia. 

Researchers propose that global warming is increasing temperatures and allowing alligators to begin moving further north. As a result, biologists suggest that kayakers can expect to encounter alligators in more northern states. 

The migration will be slow, but as these alligators breed, the numbers of alligators will increase substantially. Alligators begin mating yearly at eight to twelve years. They can live up to fifty years, resulting in many babies. 

Previously unpopulated states will now have alligators which will affect the ecosystem enormously. Kayakers and other water users need to be aware that they may encounter alligators in states bordering their normal habitat. 

Which State In The US Has The Most Alligators?

Louisiana has massive swamplands and a warm climate making it ideal for alligators. A survey done in May 2022 found that Louisiana has more than two million wild alligators. There are a further one million alligators on farms across Louisiana. 

Louisiana has 3 million alligators, which is a substantial number compared to the 4.5 million human inhabitants. Therefore, the chance of kayakers encountering alligators in Louisiana is high. 

The state with the second highest alligator numbers is Florida. The 2022 survey estimated there are 1.3 million alligators in Florida. Alligators and crocodiles are considered apex predators in the Everglades swamp lands of southern Florida. 

There are only 1500 to 2000 crocodiles in Florida, considerably less than the alligators. Crocodiles are usually bigger and have more powerful bites than alligators. Kayakers should give both reptiles a wide berth. 

Gainesville, Florida, is the most alligator-infested city in the United States. Here alligators are commonly found in sewers and drainpipes. 

The heat in Texas makes it an ideal habitat for alligators. There are roughly 400 000 to 500 000 alligators in Texas. Texas does not have swamps or marshlands like Florida or Louisiana, which limits the number of alligators. Kayakers can expect to encounter alligators in Texas rivers and lakes.   

Unusual Places Alligators To See Alligators

Alligators are sometimes reported in areas outside of their natural habitat. There have been numerous sightings in the northeastern states. Lake Missouri, Lake Michigan, and places in Illinois have documented alligator occurrences. 

These areas have climates that do not encourage alligators, and reproduction is impossible as the cold climates prevent eggs from hatching. Conservationists believe alligators in these areas result from the illegal pet trade. 

People think it is cute to have a baby alligator as a pet. Unfortunately, they cannot handle the alligator or feed it as it grows, so they release it into the wild. 

This is a cause for concern as the alligators become a threat to the natural species in the area, disrupting the ecosystems. 

Final Word

Kayakers should exercise caution when using waterways in the southern states of the US, as alligator and crocodile encounters are likely. 

It is best to always be cautious and alert when using any natural or man-made water as there is always the possibility of dangerous reptiles in the water.    

Related Articles